What is Human Trafficking?

Article 3, paragraph (a) of the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines Trafficking in Persons as:

“The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the
giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs”. (UN Protocol article 3). 

The United Nations Protocol on Trafficking in Persons was adopted in November 2000. This protocol has 105 signatories. In our globalizing world, trafficking of human beings, especially women and children, has increased in both magnitude and in reach, becoming a major human rights concern. Trafficking grew enormously. Human trafficking affects vulnerable individuals, particularly women and children, in every region of the world; the criminal nature of human trafficking makes it
difficult to know the real extent of the phenomenon. The course deals with the
human trafficking and articulates the gender dimensions of the industry. It addresses, as well, challenges facing international community in combating
human trafficking.